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گرامر و اصطلاحات زبان انگلیسی - حالتهای مختلف noun در زبان انگلیسی
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حالتهای مختلف noun در زبان انگلیسی

نویسنده :M R
تاریخ:چهارشنبه 12 تیر 1392-03:41 ب.ظ

۱- حالات فاعلی nominative case: زمانی است که اسم فاعل جمله باشند.

The man opened the door.

Steve works here.
New York is a big city.
The girl can speak a little Persian.
My book was lost in the park.
The school teacher was looking up in the phone book.


2-حالات مفعولی accusative case:وآن هنگامی است که اسم مفعول یک فعل متعدی باشد.

He asked the man a question.
Rita gave her mom a kiss.
I missed my friend’s party.
He kicked the ball into the net.
The reporter sent me a letter.
They will hire an engineer to design a new system.

 

-۳حالات اضافه اسم : possessive case اسم موقعی در حالت اضافه است که چیزی یا کسی به آن متعلق باشد و یا به او نسبت داده شود .

Hassan's book is on the table.
The boy’s room wasn’t clean this morning.
Do you see Jaime’s wallet?
I haven’t seen Emily’s new car yet.
My dad’ lawyer used to work very hard.
Her brothers’ friends are going to practice in the garage.

اسمهائیکه بحرف (s) ختم شده و یا جمع می باشند مثل boys با (') آنرا بحالت اضافه در می آورند.

 

boys' book

 

عبارات زیر را بحالت اضافه اسم در آورید:

 

1- The clothes of boys. ……. boy s' clothes

2- The club of the woman. …… Woman's club

3- The house of Ali and Hassan. …. Ali and Hassan's house 

4- The hats of Ladies. …… Ladies' hats

5- The typist of Ali. ……. Ali's typist



نوع مطلب : Grammer 

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